Recent Advances in Google Real-time HMM-driven Unit Selection Synthesizer


This paper presents advances in Google's hidden Markov model (HMM)-driven unit selection speech synthesis system. We describe several improvements to the run-time system; these include minimal latency, high-quality and fast refresh cycle for new voices. Traditionally unit selection synthesizers are limited in terms of the amount of data they can handle and the real applications they are built for. That is even more critical for real-life large-scale applications where high-quality is expected and low latency is required given the available computational resources. In this paper we present an optimized engine to handle a large database at runtime, a composite unit search approach for combining diphones and phrase-based units. In addition a new voice building strategy for handling big databases and keeping the building times low is presented.