Improving DNN Speaker Independence with I-vector Inputs


We propose providing additional utterance-level features as inputs to a deep neural network (DNN) to facilitate speaker, channel and background normalization. Modifications of the basic algorithm are developed which result in significant reductions in word error rates (WERs). The algorithms are shown to combine well with speaker adaptation by backpropagation, resulting in a 9\% relative WER reduction. We address implementation of the algorithm for a streaming task.